A chemical mixture is a collection of molecules or atoms of different types. A mixture is distinguished from a pure substance, which has constant composition (is composed of a only one type of molecule or atom), and a unique set of physical properties (no matter how large or small a sample is observed). The properties of a mixture depend not only on the types of substances that compose it, but also on their relative amounts; the composition of a mixture is not constant. The separation of mixtures is big business, and separation science is a subdivision of chemistry.
Mixture, chemical. (2014). In K. L. Lerner & B. W. Lerner (Eds.), The Gale Encyclopedia of Science (5th ed.). Farmington Hills, MI: Gale. Retrieved from http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/CV2644031450/SCIC?u=61wa_corpus&sid=SCIC&xid=7eb8d1d1
The individual substances in a mixture can be separated using different methods, depending on the type of mixture. These methods include filtration, evaporation, distillation and chromatography.
BBC Bitesize. (n.d.). Separating Mixtures. Retrieved from https://www.bbc.com/bitesize/guides/zgvc4wx/revision/1