Year 10 Human Biology: Genetic Disorders


Persistence of Detrimental Mutations in Population: A Paradox - Science Nutshell. Retrieved from

Types of Mutations

  • Missense mutation

  • Nonsense mutation

  • Insertion 

  • Deletion 

  • Duplication 

  • Frameshift mutation 

  • Repeat expansion

More information:

Illustration source:
Gene Mutations. Infobase Learning. Science Online. Web. 7 Feb. 2017.

Mutations in DNA

Mutations: The Potential Power of a Small Change | Amoeba Sisters |
​Retrieved 8 Feb 2017


PGD - Ethics and Dilemmas

Designer Babies - SBS News | Broadcast: 2nd February, 2016 | Retrieved 8 Feb 2017

Using preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) to screen embryos conceived through IVF to mitigate against mutant genes.

Major Mutations

Bozeman Science,. (2012). Mutations. Retrieved from

Ted-Ed: What happens when your DNA is damaged?

Ted-Ed Talk,. (2015). TED-ED: What happens when your DNA is damaged?. Retrieved from