What is referencing?

Put simply, referencing is a way for an author to show their reader where they got the information they used in a piece of work.  

There are two things an author must do to properly reference in an assignment:

  1. In-text citations. In-text citations are used whenever an author uses an idea or a quote from another source. They don't show the full title of the source; to save on space, they simply show the author's name, the year the source was published, and the page number*. 
    For example: 
  2. Reference list. A reference list is something that an author includes at the end of a document. It is an alphabetical list of all in-text citations that appeared in an author's work. In the reference list, the full details of each source are provided. For example:

Note: reference style. Different places use different 'styles' of referencing. These styles are just a collection of rules about how to set-out referencing. For example, one style might say to put dates in brackets (2019), while another might say to use footnotes**.

Corpus Christi College (and this guide) uses the APA 6th style of referencing.

*Some sources, such as websites, will not have a page number. In this case, use a paragraph number by counting down from the beginning of the page, or an abbreviated heading in quotation marks. 


How to reference websites (APA style)

Examples for different types of sources

Printable Referencing Guide