Ancient China was one of the most amazing civilizations in history. In the 5th century BCE it was made up of several rival kingdoms. These were conquered by the king of the state of Qin, who became the First Emperor in 221 BCE. The Chinese people became unified as one kingdom, which lasted for about 2000 years. It was the most advanced civilization the world had ever seen.
Under the Chinese kingdom, education was highly prized, and the arts, especially music and painting, grew and flourished. The Ancient Chinese were also great scientists. Their invention of cast iron and gunpowder were centuries ahead of the rest of the world.